ACW Update from John 7 JULY
Update from John Jenkins 7 JULY (added Virginia Cavalry)
7 July Update
THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861 – 1865 THE FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN, 1861.
The 1st Virginia Cavalry completed its organization at Winchester, Virginia in July 1861, under the command of Colonel James Ewell Brown (J.E.B.) Stuart
at the command of Thomas Jackson. Unlike most regiments the First contained twelve companies.The First Virginia cavalry were to participate in more
than 200 engagements of various types throughout the American Civil War
THE FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN 1861
James Ewell Brown “JEB” Stuart (February 6th 1833 – May 12th 1864) known to his friends as “Jeb” from the initials of his given names. Stuart was a
cavalry commander known for his mastery of reconnaissance and the use of cavalry in support of offensive operations.Stuart was initially commissioned
as a lieutenant colonel of Virginia infantry in the Confederate army on May 10th 1861. After being ordered to report to Thomas J. Jackson at Harper’s Ferry,
Jackson assigned him on July 4th to command all the cavalry companies of the Army of the Shenandoah, organized as the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment. He was promoted to colonel on July 16th.
THE FIRST BATTLE OF BULL RUN, 1861.
Many civil war regiments and the various companies they comprised, tended to be made up of men from the same geographical area or who shared a commom heritage. The Liberty hall Volunteers, Co. I, 4th Virginia Infantry, were largely composed of students at Washington College in Lexington. From 1776 – 1798 it was known as the Liberty Hall Academy. These young men obviously proud of their school became known as the Liberty Hall Volunteers, and had already been receiving military training from cadets of the neighbouring Virginia Military Institute.
Thomas Jonathon “Stonewall” Jackson (January 21 1824 – May 10th 1863) became one of the most well known Confederate commanders of the Civil War, after General Robert E. Lee. Jackson played a prominent role in nearly all the military engagements in the eastern theatre of the war, until his death, and had a key part in winning many significant battles.
It was shortly before noon when Jackson arrived at the summit of Henry Hill with his 2,000 Virginians. He rapidly grasped the situation and organized his men into a superb defensive position, which the Northern regiments were unable to break down, and in the end were to wear themselves out in their repeated attempts.
On April 14th 1862, Company I was reorganized . Forty Nine men from the militia and another eleven transfers from other units were incorporated into the company, which meant it lost much of its original academic flavour.
11 MAY Update below
The 11th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment of the Union army in the early years of the American Civil War. The regiment was organized in New York City in May 1861 as a zouave regiment, known for its unusual dress and drill style, by Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth, a personal friend of US president Abraham Lincoln.
The unit was among the first to occupy the territory of a Confederate state when it captured Alexandria, Virginia on May 24th 1861, less than 24 hours after the commonwealth seceded from the Union.
The regiment would later be stationed near Hampton Roads during the Peninsula Campaign, but experienced little fighting. It was sent back to New York city in May 1862, and the regiment was mustered out of service on June 1862.
Ellsworth’s Fire Zouaves marched to Manassas in their zouave jackets and trousers, with red firemen’s shirts and blue fezzes. In the July heat the zouave jackets were abandoned, and most men continued in their red or white firemen’s shirts, and some even added havelock-covered kepis to replace the fezzes. With the officers dressed in Grey, this gave the unit, a motley, multi coloured appearance.
The first sets of the Fire Zouaves, will hopefully be available from October.
SOME THOUGHTS FROM JOHN
The 39th new York Infantry Regiment, known as the Garibaldi Guard, after the Italian revolutionary, was originally assembled in New York city by the Union Defense Committee, under the leadership of Col. Frederick George D’Utassy.
The 14th Regiment New York State Militia, which was also called the 14th Brooklyn Chasseurs, was a volunteer militia regiment from the city of Brooklyn, New York.